Novice researchers who begin work on a scientific thesis always have a lot of questions about the writing methodology, design rules, and public defense procedures. But sometimes it is not easy to find the answers, because the methodical literature is not enough, and if you can get it, the information there is essentially outdated.
All this adversely affects the scientific activity of graduate students who are not able to realize their opportunity. Of course, you can ask for help from the supervisor, but this is also not always an option, as he may be busy, and the question will remain unresolved. The manuals describe a number of problems that a graduate student may face during the entire period of writing a scientific dissertation: the choice of a topic, the preparation of a manuscript, and public defense. For a graduate student it is very important to research the subject and have an idea about the methods of the scientific approach to writing a dissertation.
Scientific thesis is a scientific work with a qualification form, prepared for public speaking in order to obtain a scientific degree. First of all, it is necessary to choose the topic of the dissertation research. It is important to take into account two circumstances: choose the type of research and decide which character will have scientific work – applied or fundamental. Choosing a topic, you should pay attention to narrow specializations, since they are much easier to work out. It is usually based on the number of words in the title of the topic: the smaller the words, the wider the topic. The topic should be chosen taking into account previously obtained information and achievements, including in related areas. In order to finally determine the choice, it is also necessary to pay attention to the little-studied issues on this subject that are relevant today and methods that can be used to solve a number of problems.
The next stage is the study of literary sources. It is important to examine the material that has been submitted for study for twenty years, in order to analyze the achievements of scientists in the field under study. Literary sources should be both English and foreign, including scientific publications in journals, express information. It is advisable to select the necessary material and put it in separate folders so that in the process of writing the work it was more convenient to use it. This information will be useful for writing the first chapter of a scientific dissertation, where it is necessary to analyze literary sources.
Next, you need to start writing a draft manuscript. Stage of work includes the analysis, synthesis of theoretical data that were able to hold as a result of the study. An important feature is the preparation of a detailed plan. Working with a manuscript is the need to control, so that there is no deviation from the topic, so that all parts of the thesis are executed in one context. At the end of each section, short conclusions should be drawn from the written text.
Be sure to consider the composition of a scientific dissertation. It must contain such elements as: introduction, main part, divided into chapters, conclusions, bibliography.
Starting work with the stylistic design of the text, you should pay attention to the headings, which are not two lines, they should contain keywords and have a semantic meaning. To break the text into blocks, it is necessary to use the rubrication, which will help to better perceive the content of the thesis. The presentation is based on the reasoning, which is built to prove the facts of the study. The scientific text should be related, logical and complete. Therefore, the text must contain facts, and special terms are used for description, which are used only in this area of knowledge.
The scientific thesis must be completed accordingly. All chapters and paragraphs should be numbered, as well as all graphic and tabular materials. The work should be intertwined and given for the adjustment and examination of the academic council and dissertation council.